Old historical iron artifacts were made of almost pure iron containing only carbon as the alloying element. Properties like hardness, strength, and toughness were controlled by changing carbon content with the use of carburizing or decarburizing treatments, skills that had been mastered by blacksmiths. Historical “super steels” like “Damascus” steel and “Bulat” steel, which used Indian “Wootz” iron as a raw material, had amazing properties that are difficult to attain with modern technologies. Rather, in these steels the properties were based on complicated and sophisticated processing with a combination of high and low carbon source materials, which form a composite layered structure via forging-folding-welding tens and maybe hundreds of times (Reibold et al., 2006; Smith, 1988). Famous Japanese katana swords were made of Tatara iron, which contained some titanium within iron sand (ilmenite FeO$TiO2) and was typically used as an iron source. Also, traditional Japanese sword masters used a folding/forging technique.